Architectural Expression

Types of Architectural Expression

plan:  A plan, or an architectural plan, is a written and graphic description of a specified building project, usually from an aerial viewpoint.  This could include sketches, drawings, etc.  There are various types of plans including site, floor, zoning and city.

Ex:

site plan:  A site plan could be a plan that details the vision for something such as a park, or a concert site.

floor plan:  A floor plan would be a plan that details the vision for the layout or blueprint of a house.

zoning plan:  A zoning plan could detail the specific zones or sections of a town, etc.

city plan:  A city plan would detail the layout and positioning of buildings etc. around a city.

Elevation:  A scale drawing of the external (whether that be the front, back or side) face of a building, from a straight on view.

elevation

An elevation view.

Section view:  A view in which the buildings interior and exterior can both be displayed through an elevation view.  This view allows someone to see just the interior of a building, or both the interior and exterior of a building at the same time, while still in an elevation view.

section-view

A section view.

Isometric:  A 3D drawing in which 3 sides are displayed with all horizontal lines being drawn at 30 degrees from its base point and all vertical lines being perfectly parallel.

isometric

An isometric view.

Axonometric:  A 3D drawing in which 3 sides are displayed with all horizontal lines being drawn at 45 degrees from its base point and all vertical lines being perfectly parallel.

axonometric

An axonometric view.

1 point perspective:  All lines in a drawing connect to 1 point, with the drawing having only 1 vanishing point.

1pt

A 1 point perspective.

2 point perspective:  All lines in a drawing connect from 2 points, usually perpendicular to each other, with the drawing having 2 vanishing points.

2pt

A 2 point perspective.

Filippo Brunelleschi was a famous architect of Italian Renaissance known for his discovery of perspective.  This includes the discovery of 1 and 2 point perspectives, views that are still widely used in architecture today.

Brunelleschi’s dome, the Florence Cathedral in Florence, Italy. Built in 1436.

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